We welcome contributions to Hyperledger in many forms, and there’s always plenty to do!
First things first, please review the Hyperledger Code of Conduct before participating. It is important that we keep things civil.
If you want to contribute to this documentation, please check out the Style guide for contributors.
Ways to contribute¶
There are many ways you can contribute to Hyperledger Fabric, both as a user and as a developer.
As a user:
As a writer or information developer:
- Update the documentation using your experience of Fabric and this documentation to improve existing topics and create new ones. A documentation change is an easy way to get started as a contributor, makes it easier for other users to understand and use Fabric, and grows your open source commit history.
- Participate in a language translation to keep the Fabric documentation current in your chosen language. The Fabric documentation is available in a number of languages – English, Chinese, Malayalam and Brazilian Portuguese – so why not join a team that keeps your favorite documentation up-to-date? You’ll find a friendly community of users, writers and developers to collaborate with.
- Start a new language translation if the Fabric documentation isn’t available in your language. The Chinese, Malayalam and Portuguese Brazilian teams got started this way, and you can too! It’s more work, as you’ll have to form a community of writers, and organize contributions; but it’s really fulfilling to see the Fabric documentation available in your chosen language.
Jump to Contributing documentation to get started on your journey.
As a developer:
- If you only have a little time, consider picking up a “good first issue” task, see Fixing issues and working stories.
- If you can commit to full-time development, either propose a new feature (see Making Feature/Enhancement Proposals) and bring a team to implement it, or join one of the teams working on an existing Epic. If you see an Epic that interests you on the GitHub epic backlog, contact the Epic assignee via the GitHub issue.
Getting a Linux Foundation account¶
In order to participate in the development of the Hyperledger Fabric project, you will need a Linux Foundation account. Once you have a LF ID you will be able to access all the Hyperledger community tools, including RocketChat, and the Wiki (for editing, only).
Follow the steps below to create a Linux Foundation account if you don’t already have one.
- Go to the Linux Foundation ID website.
- Select the option
I need to create a Linux Foundation ID, and fill out the form that appears.
- Wait a few minutes, then look for an email message with the subject line: “Validate your Linux Foundation ID email”.
- Open the received URL to validate your email address.
- Verify that your browser displays the message
You have successfully validated your e-mail address.
- Access RocketChat to confirm access.
It’s a good idea to make your first change a documentation change. It’s quick and easy to do, ensures that you have a correctly configured machine, (including the required pre-requisite software), and gets you familiar with the contribution process. Use the following topics to help you get started:
Hyperledger Fabric is managed under an open governance model as described in our charter. Projects and sub-projects are lead by a set of maintainers. New sub-projects can designate an initial set of maintainers that will be approved by the top-level project’s existing maintainers when the project is first approved.
The Fabric project is lead by the project’s top level maintainers. The maintainers are responsible for reviewing and merging all patches submitted for review, and they guide the overall technical direction of the project within the guidelines established by the Hyperledger Technical Steering Committee (TSC).
Becoming a maintainer¶
The project’s maintainers will, from time-to-time, consider adding a maintainer, based on the following criteria:
- Demonstrated track record of PR reviews (both quality and quantity of reviews)
- Demonstrated thought leadership in the project
- Demonstrated shepherding of project work and contributors
An existing maintainer can submit a pull request to the maintainers file. A nominated Contributor may become a Maintainer by a majority approval of the proposal by the existing Maintainers. Once approved, the change set is then merged and the individual is added to the maintainers group.
Maintainers may be removed by explicit resignation, for prolonged inactivity (e.g. 3 or more months with no review comments), or for some infraction of the code of conduct or by consistently demonstrating poor judgement. A proposed removal also requires a majority approval. A maintainer removed for inactivity should be restored following a sustained resumption of contributions and reviews (a month or more) demonstrating a renewed commitment to the project.
Fabric provides a release approximately once every four months with new features and improvements. New feature work is merged to the Fabric main branch on GitHub. Releases branches are created prior to each release so that the code can stabilize while new features continue to get merged to the master branch. Important fixes will also be backported to the most recent LTS (long-term support) release branch, and to the prior LTS release branch during periods of LTS release overlap.
See releases for more details.
Making Feature/Enhancement Proposals¶
Minor improvements can be implemented and reviewed via the normal GitHub pull request workflow but for changes that are more substantial Fabric follows the RFC (request for comments) process.
This process is intended to provide a consistent and controlled path for major changes to Fabric and other official project components, so that all stakeholders can be confident about the direction in which Fabric is evolving.
To propose a new feature, first, check the GitHub issues backlog and the Fabric RFC repository to be sure that there isn’t already an open (or recently closed) proposal for the same functionality. If there isn’t, follow the RFC process to make a proposal.
The maintainers hold regular contributors meetings. The purpose of the contributors meeting is to plan for and review the progress of releases and contributions, and to discuss the technical and operational direction of the project and sub-projects.
Please see the wiki for maintainer meeting details.
New feature/enhancement proposals as described above should be presented to a maintainers meeting for consideration, feedback and acceptance.
Before we begin, if you haven’t already done so, you may wish to check that you have all the prerequisites installed on the platform(s) on which you’ll be developing blockchain applications and/or operating Hyperledger Fabric.
If you are looking for something to work on, or need some expert assistance in debugging a problem or working out a fix to an issue, our community is always eager to help. We hang out on Chat, IRC (#hyperledger on freenode.net) and the mailing lists. Most of us don’t bite :grin: and will be glad to help. The only silly question is the one you don’t ask. Questions are in fact a great way to help improve the project as they highlight where our documentation could be clearer.
If you are a user and you have found a bug, please submit an issue using GitHub Issues. Before you create a new GitHub issue, please try to search the existing issues to be sure no one else has previously reported it. If it has been previously reported, then you might add a comment that you also are interested in seeing the defect fixed.
If the defect is security-related, please follow the Hyperledger security bug reporting process.
If it has not been previously reported, you may either submit a PR with a
well documented commit message describing the defect and the fix, or you
may create a new GitHub issue. Please try to provide
sufficient information for someone else to reproduce the
issue. One of the project’s maintainers should respond to your issue within 24
hours. If not, please bump the issue with a comment and request that it be
reviewed. You can also post to the relevant Hyperledger Fabric channel in
Hyperledger Chat. For example, a doc bug should
be broadcast to
#fabric-documentation, a database bug to
and so on…
Submitting your fix¶
If you just submitted a GitHub issue for a bug you’ve discovered, and would like to provide a fix, we would welcome that gladly! Please assign the GitHub issue to yourself, then submit a pull request (PR). Please refer to GitHub Contributions for a detailed workflow.
Fixing issues and working stories¶
Fabric issues and bugs are managed in GitHub issues. Review the list of issues and find something that interests you. You could also check the “good first issue” list. It is wise to start with something relatively straight forward and achievable, and that no one is already assigned. If no one is assigned, then assign the issue to yourself. Please be considerate and rescind the assignment if you cannot finish in a reasonable time, or add a comment saying that you are still actively working the issue if you need a little more time.
While GitHub issues tracks a backlog of known issues that could be worked in the future, if you intend to immediately work on a change that does not yet have a corresponding issue, you can submit a pull request to Github without linking to an existing issue.
Reviewing submitted Pull Requests (PRs)¶
Another way to contribute and learn about Hyperledger Fabric is to help the maintainers with the review of the PRs that are open. Indeed maintainers have the difficult role of having to review all the PRs that are being submitted and evaluate whether they should be merged or not. You can review the code and/or documentation changes, test the changes, and tell the submitters and maintainers what you think. Once your review and/or test is complete just reply to the PR with your findings, by adding comments and/or voting. A comment saying something like “I tried it on system X and it works” or possibly “I got an error on system X: xxx ” will help the maintainers in their evaluation. As a result, maintainers will be able to process PRs faster and everybody will gain from it.
Just browse through the open PRs on GitHub to get started.
As the Fabric project has grown, so too has the backlog of open PRs. One problem that nearly all projects face is effectively managing that backlog and Fabric is no exception. In an effort to keep the backlog of Fabric and related project PRs manageable, we are introducing an aging policy which will be enforced by bots. This is consistent with how other large projects manage their PR backlog.
PR Aging Policy¶
The Fabric project maintainers will automatically monitor all PR activity for delinquency. If a PR has not been updated in 2 weeks, a reminder comment will be added requesting that the PR either be updated to address any outstanding comments or abandoned if it is to be withdrawn. If a delinquent PR goes another 2 weeks without an update, it will be automatically abandoned. If a PR has aged more than 2 months since it was originally submitted, even if it has activity, it will be flagged for maintainer review.
If a submitted PR has passed all validation but has not been reviewed in 72 hours (3 days), it will be flagged to the #fabric-pr-review channel daily until it receives a review comment(s).
This policy applies to all official Fabric projects (fabric, fabric-ca, fabric-samples, fabric-test, fabric-sdk-node, fabric-sdk-java, fabric-gateway-java, fabric-chaincode-node, fabric-chaincode-java, fabric-chaincode-evm, fabric-baseimage, and fabric-amcl).
Setting up development environment¶
Next, try building the project in your local development environment to ensure that everything is set up correctly.
What makes a good pull request?¶
- One change at a time. Not five, not three, not ten. One and only one. Why? Because it limits the blast area of the change. If we have a regression, it is much easier to identify the culprit commit than if we have some composite change that impacts more of the code.
- If there is a corresponding GitHub issue, include a link to the GitHub issue in the PR summary and commit message. Why? Because there will often be additional discussion around a proposed change or bug in the GitHub issue. Additionally, if you use syntax like “Resolves #<GitHub issue number>” in the PR summary and commit message, the GitHub issue will automatically be closed when the PR is merged.
- Include unit and integration tests (or changes to existing tests) with every change. This does not mean just happy path testing, either. It also means negative testing of any defensive code that it correctly catches input errors. When you write code, you are responsible to test it and provide the tests that demonstrate that your change does what it claims. Why? Because without this we have no clue whether our current code base actually works.
- Unit tests should have NO external dependencies. You should be able
to run unit tests in place with
go testor equivalent for the language. Any test that requires some external dependency (e.g. needs to be scripted to run another component) needs appropriate mocking. Anything else is not unit testing, it is integration testing by definition. Why? Because many open source developers do Test Driven Development. They place a watch on the directory that invokes the tests automagically as the code is changed. This is far more efficient than having to run a whole build between code changes. See this definition of unit testing for a good set of criteria to keep in mind for writing effective unit tests.
- Minimize the lines of code per PR. Why? Maintainers have day jobs, too. If you send a 1,000 or 2,000 LOC change, how long do you think it takes to review all of that code? Keep your changes to < 200-300 LOC, if possible. If you have a larger change, decompose it into multiple independent changes. If you are adding a bunch of new functions to fulfill the requirements of a new capability, add them separately with their tests, and then write the code that uses them to deliver the capability. Of course, there are always exceptions. If you add a small change and then add 300 LOC of tests, you will be forgiven;-) If you need to make a change that has broad impact or a bunch of generated code (protobufs, etc.). Again, there can be exceptions.
Large pull requests, e.g. those with more than 300 LOC are more than likely not going to receive an approval, and you’ll be asked to refactor the change to conform with this guidance.
- Write a meaningful commit message. Include a meaningful 55 (or less) character title, followed by a blank line, followed by a more comprehensive description of the change.
Example commit message:
[FAB-1234] fix foobar() panic Fix [FAB-1234] added a check to ensure that when foobar(foo string) is called, that there is a non-empty string argument.
Finally, be responsive. Don’t let a pull request fester with review comments such that it gets to a point that it requires a rebase. It only further delays getting it merged and adds more work for you - to remediate the merge conflicts.
Note: Each source file must include a license header for the Apache Software License 2.0. See the template of the license header.
We have tried to make it as easy as possible to make contributions. This applies to how we handle the legal aspects of contribution. We use the same approach—the Developer’s Certificate of Origin 1.1 (DCO)—that the Linux® Kernel community uses to manage code contributions.
We simply ask that when submitting a patch for review, the developer must include a sign-off statement in the commit message.
Here is an example Signed-off-by line, which indicates that the submitter accepts the DCO:
Signed-off-by: John Doe <firstname.lastname@example.org>
You can include this automatically when you commit a change to your
local git repository using
git commit -s.