Logging Control


Logging in the peer and orderer is provided by the common/flogging package. Chaincodes written in Go also use this package if they use the logging methods provided by the shim. This package supports

  • Logging control based on the severity of the message
  • Logging control based on the software logger generating the message
  • Different pretty-printing options based on the severity of the message

All logs are currently directed to stderr. Global and logger-level control of logging by severity is provided for both users and developers. There are currently no formalized rules for the types of information provided at each severity level. When submitting bug reports, developers may want to see full logs down to the DEBUG level.

In pretty-printed logs the logging level is indicated both by color and by a four-character code, e.g, “ERRO” for ERROR, “DEBU” for DEBUG, etc. In the logging context a logger is an arbitrary name (string) given by developers to groups of related messages. In the pretty-printed example below, the loggers ledgermgmt, kvledger, and peer are generating logs.

2018-11-01 15:32:38.268 UTC [ledgermgmt] initialize -> INFO 002 Initializing ledger mgmt
2018-11-01 15:32:38.268 UTC [kvledger] NewProvider -> INFO 003 Initializing ledger provider
2018-11-01 15:32:38.342 UTC [kvledger] NewProvider -> INFO 004 ledger provider Initialized
2018-11-01 15:32:38.357 UTC [ledgermgmt] initialize -> INFO 005 ledger mgmt initialized
2018-11-01 15:32:38.357 UTC [peer] func1 -> INFO 006 Auto-detected peer address:
2018-11-01 15:32:38.357 UTC [peer] func1 -> INFO 007 Returning peer0.org1.example.com:7051

An arbitrary number of loggers can be created at runtime, therefore there is no “master list” of loggers, and logging control constructs can not check whether logging loggers actually do or will exist.

Logging specification

The logging levels of the peer and orderer commands are controlled by a logging specification, which is set via the FABRIC_LOGGING_SPEC environment variable.

The full logging level specification is of the form


Logging severity levels are specified using case-insensitive strings chosen from


A logging level by itself is taken as the overall default. Otherwise, overrides for individual or groups of loggers can be specified using the


syntax. Examples of specifications:

info                                        - Set default to INFO
warning:msp,gossip=warning:chaincode=info   - Default WARNING; Override for msp, gossip, and chaincode
chaincode=info:msp,gossip=warning:warning   - Same as above

Logging format

The logging format of the peer and orderer commands is controlled via the FABRIC_LOGGING_FORMAT environment variable. This can be set to a format string, such as the default

"%{color}%{time:2006-01-02 15:04:05.000 MST} [%{module}] %{shortfunc} -> %{level:.4s} %{id:03x}%{color:reset} %{message}"

to print the logs in a human-readable console format. It can be also set to json to output logs in JSON format.

Go chaincodes

The standard mechanism to log within a chaincode application is to integrate with the logging transport exposed to each chaincode instance via the peer. The chaincode shim package provides APIs that allow a chaincode to create and manage logging objects whose logs will be formatted and interleaved consistently with the shim logs.

As independently executed programs, user-provided chaincodes may technically also produce output on stdout/stderr. While naturally useful for “devmode”, these channels are normally disabled on a production network to mitigate abuse from broken or malicious code. However, it is possible to enable this output even for peer-managed containers (e.g. “netmode”) on a per-peer basis via the CORE_VM_DOCKER_ATTACHSTDOUT=true configuration option.

Once enabled, each chaincode will receive its own logging channel keyed by its container-id. Any output written to either stdout or stderr will be integrated with the peer’s log on a per-line basis. It is not recommended to enable this for production.


NewLogger(name string) *ChaincodeLogger - Create a logging object for use by a chaincode

(c *ChaincodeLogger) SetLevel(level LoggingLevel) - Set the logging level of the logger

(c *ChaincodeLogger) IsEnabledFor(level LoggingLevel) bool - Return true if logs will be generated at the given level

LogLevel(levelString string) (LoggingLevel, error) - Convert a string to a LoggingLevel

A LoggingLevel is a member of the enumeration

LogDebug, LogInfo, LogNotice, LogWarning, LogError, LogCritical

which can be used directly, or generated by passing a case-insensitive version of the strings


to the LogLevel API.

Formatted logging at various severity levels is provided by the functions

(c *ChaincodeLogger) Debug(args ...interface{})
(c *ChaincodeLogger) Info(args ...interface{})
(c *ChaincodeLogger) Notice(args ...interface{})
(c *ChaincodeLogger) Warning(args ...interface{})
(c *ChaincodeLogger) Error(args ...interface{})
(c *ChaincodeLogger) Critical(args ...interface{})

(c *ChaincodeLogger) Debugf(format string, args ...interface{})
(c *ChaincodeLogger) Infof(format string, args ...interface{})
(c *ChaincodeLogger) Noticef(format string, args ...interface{})
(c *ChaincodeLogger) Warningf(format string, args ...interface{})
(c *ChaincodeLogger) Errorf(format string, args ...interface{})
(c *ChaincodeLogger) Criticalf(format string, args ...interface{})

The f forms of the logging APIs provide for precise control over the formatting of the logs. The non-f forms of the APIs currently insert a space between the printed representations of the arguments, and arbitrarily choose the formats to use.

In the current implementation, the logs produced by the shim and a ChaincodeLogger are timestamped, marked with the logger name and severity level, and written to stderr. Note that logging level control is currently based on the name provided when the ChaincodeLogger is created. To avoid ambiguities, all ChaincodeLogger should be given unique names other than “shim”. The logger name will appear in all log messages created by the logger. The shim logs as “shim”.

The default logging level for loggers within the Chaincode container can be set in the core.yaml file. The key chaincode.logging.level sets the default level for all loggers within the Chaincode container. The key chaincode.logging.shim overrides the default level for the shim logger.

# Logging section for the chaincode container
  # Default level for all loggers within the chaincode container
  level:  info
  # Override default level for the 'shim' logger
  shim:   warning

The default logging level can be overridden by using environment variables. CORE_CHAINCODE_LOGGING_LEVEL sets the default logging level for all loggers. CORE_CHAINCODE_LOGGING_SHIM overrides the level for the shim logger.

Go language chaincodes can also control the logging level of the chaincode shim interface through the SetLoggingLevel API.

SetLoggingLevel(LoggingLevel level) - Control the logging level of the shim

Below is a simple example of how a chaincode might create a private logging object logging at the LogInfo level.

var logger = shim.NewLogger("myChaincode")

func main() {